Great Wall of China

| 12 min read

Great Wall of China

The main reason I wanted to see Beijing was to climb the Great Wall of China. At a total length of 3000 to 5500 kilometers -depending on how you measure its parts- it definitely lives up to its name. Its huge size, however, didn't make it any easier for us to decide which part we would hike.

Common misconceptions

While doing research I stumbled upon a funny series of misconceptions about this huge man-made wonder.

  • A long-held belief is that it is possible to see the Great Wall of china from space. Uttered in 1932 by Robert Ripley, this fake belief became an instant urban myth. With the Wall being just 6 meters wide, it is as hard to see the wall from space as to see a pencil from the top of the Empire State Building.
  • Originally, it wasn't called the Great Wall of China. The Chinese never considered it a really important achievement, so in Chinese, they just call it 'The long wall'.
  • There is no such thing as THE fGreat Wall of China. Different parts of the wall have been built at different periods of time. Later on, these different sections have been connected.
  • My favourite: The Great Wall has been built to protect China against rabbits. Although I'm sure its a challenge for rabbits to jump over the wall, it was actually built against invasions from various nomadic groups from the Eurasian steppe.

Leave nothing but footprints

Which part to visit?

Starting from Beijing, there's different parts of the wall you can visit. The most accessible one is the Badaling section, but this is one part I wouldn't visit, even if I was paid to go. It is so busy it is hard to actually see the wall through the crowds. There is a strong likelihood that it will disappoint you, just as it did Karl Pilkington: "To be honest with you, it's not the "great" wall, it's an "all right" wall. It's the All Right Wall of China."

The hike between from Jinshanling to Simatai seemed beautiful and not too crowded. Unfortunately, at the time of our visit, this part was closed for restauration.

There was another option that started in Jiankou. It would be more challenging, but at least free from large crowds. The Jiankou section is a rather dangerous part of the Great Wall because it has not yet been restored, which is why it is officially closed for tourists. No measures are taken, though, to prevent people from climbing that part of the wall. Beware that if anything happens, you bear all responsibility. We would start in Jiankou and make our way to Mutianyu, a part that -in contrast- had been completely restored.

Access Forbidden

A guesthouse we'll remember

Having left Beijing in the afternoon, we spent the night in a guesthouse in the little village of Xhizazi. Our room was very basic, yet quite luxurious to Chinese standards. Even though they were not larger than 20 to 50 centimeters, we were thrilled to find real towels in our room. (Fellow backpackers who travel with microfiber towels all the time will understand the joy of a real towel.) We had our own little bathroom, which was designed in an ingenious space-saving way with a 2-in-1 shower and toilet. You basically squat under the shower or you shower over the toilet...

After we had ordered food, the waitress set the table with a plate and bowl still wrapped in plastic, as if the service was brand-new and thus still unpacked. We were intrigued by this unusual package, and left it right where the waitress had put it. When the lady came back with our food, she looked suprised to see we hadn't unpacked our plates yet. She made clear she was waiting for us to do so, so that she could serve our food.

The woman who ran the guesthouse did not speak a word of English. To make ourselves clear, we had to recur to miming, hand gestures, drawing, our offline Chinese dictionary, some random words of English or a combination of all of the latter. We racked our brains to decipher the directions we were given: "Blue." She points left. "Blue." She points right, then points to the drawing of a mountain.

Need translation? "In order to follow the right track, you turn left when you encounter a blue signpost, and at the next signpost, you turn right, after which you will reach the wall." Easy, right?

Mist hanging over the mountains

The journey begins

The next morning, we woke up at 4h30 to get a headstart before the sun would rise and the temperatures peak. We followed our accurate instructions 'Blue left, blue right', consciously ignoring the signs stating access was forbidden. When the road split more than two times and our instructions failed, we improvised and took the path that 'felt best'. Everything seemed to go well, as it didn't take long before we saw a section of the wall known as the Sky Stairs rise in front of us.

There was just one little problem... How could we get onto the wall? We felt locked out. Following the wall on both sides, we climbed along the mountain ridge looking for an entrance. Holding on to the wall, we made our way over small, slippery stretches of land while looking down over a steep cliff on our side. It was obvious that we were not meant to be on this path and this is not how we would get in.

We started backtracking, which was even more difficult and dangerous than climbing up. We stopped to analyse how we would tackle the descent, when the sun rose out over the mist and over the wall winding through the mountains as far as the eye can see. Even if we wouldn't make it back down, a sight like this would've been a beautiful ending.

We returned and took a path in the other direction, that unfortunately led to the same outcome: a high wall and no entrance. We had lost a lot of time already and were still standing on the wrong side of the wall. We didn't know what to do. Should we keep on trying different paths or return to the village and take an easier path from there? We agreed on trying one last path and yay... The saying 'Third time's the charm' applied!

Ahead of us was a big opening in the wall, through which we could climb onto the wall. It was 6h40 and we could finally begin. Behind us lay a very steep and impressive flight of crumbling stairs. Ahead of us, the wall, still surrounded by mist, curved for miles and miles through the green mountains. It was an impressive sight. But there wasn't much time to muse, it was time to start our hike.

The Great Wall of China - Jiankou section

The first part of the hike was a continuous repetition of climbing up and down vertical sections of the wall. Since there wasn't much left of the original stairs, it was a bit like rock-climbing, but without the gear. At the top, watchtowers offered some awesome views over the surroundings, but less awesome views of the next stretch of the wall we had to cover. Everything we had climbed up, we now had to descend again. Without stairs, this was a real challenge at times. I understand why it is officially not allowed to come here. A little misstep suffices to fall and break a leg (not in the good way).

Panoramic view over the wall These are not stairs Climbing up

Nevertheless, this was exactly the experience I was hoping for. We had the wall entirely to ourselves, the only other people around were the occasional Chinese hikers coming from the other direction. At some point, we ran into two Chinese guys who had spent the night on the wall and were now packing their camping gear. They introduced themselves as Fred and Andlei (I couldn't remember their Chinese names). They were still having breakfast when we continued and waved them goodbye. Little did we know that we would be seeing them again frequently in the next few hours.

Panoramic view over the wall Steep climb Down... and up again

On the next part, we slowed down as it became increasingly hard to climb up and down all the time. The sun had risen to its highest point and I was soaked with sweat and thirsty as a camel. I got mad at the wall because it put me in so much pain and had vivid hallucinations of flat stretches of shady grassland. It was time for a break, and brunch. As we sat down, we saw Fred and Andlei hopping up the stairs.

Taking a break in the tower

Seeing how effortless they were proceeding, we hadn't expected to run into them again. But a little later we did. They had stopped and engaged in a heated discussion with a local villager. This old man was guarding a ladder in the middle of the path and charged 5 CNY to anyone who wanted to pass. Convinced that the Wall should be free for all, our Chinese friends did not agree and kept on argueing. Realising the local would not budge, they made a deal: the four of us would pass for the price of two. Later on the trail, this happened two more times. It was good to have Fred and Andlei around.


We ended up hiking the entire thing together. Whenever they disappeared in the distance, we found them again waiting for us somewhere in the shade. Catching up with them meant... break time! Not having seen each other for so many hills and meters, there was a lot to catch up and talk about, obviously. (Yes, every excuse for a break is welcome.) Fred was carrying some snacks and handed me an egg. Based on its brown colour, I thought it was a chocolate egg. It wasn't. It was a normal egg in vacuum wrapping, that can be conserved up to one year.

Gradually running into more and more tourists, it became clear that we were approaching the Mutianyu section of the Wall. This part is easier to walk on, because it has been restored, altough there still are some difficult stretches to cover too, such as the long slippery slope after Ox Horn Edge. In order not to fall, we had to hold on to wall with both hands and slowly walk sideways as crabs on dry land.

Restored in 1982, the beauty of the Mutianyu section is very different from Jiankou. It gives you an idea of what the wall looked like in ancient times, and there's actual steps here. Lots of them. But there's tourists too... It's not so crowded to get stuck or annoyed, but still enough to turn making pictures without tourists in the background into a challenge.

Mutianyu Mutianyu

This entire hike had required a lot of effort from my -by now- wobbly legs and knees. I couldn't take no more steps and feared that my knees would not hold me anymore. Every so often, I overheard tourists coming from the other direction complaining about how hard it was. "Every time we get up a flight of stairs, all we see is another flight of stairs!" That is true, but they don't realise how grateful they should be to have stairs at least. It is much worse without.


Luckily, the end was near. We waved the wall goodbye and headed towards the village of Mutianyu. Or so we thought. Suddenly we found ourselves on the wall again, and going down more steps. A bit further we left it again, for real this time, but not without one last -but endless- flight of stairs that led us all the way down the mountain. When exited through the gate in Mutianyu, our adventurous hike was really over. We just had to figure out now where could we buy a gallon of water and cold beer?

What to pack for your hike?

  • Sturdy hiking boots
  • Enough water. Apart from some locals near Mutianyu who take up some (expensive) water, it is impossible to buy water on the Wall.
  • Sunscreen
  • Your camera
  • Maybe long trousers. I was followed by wasp-like insects that were fond of sweaty legs. You don't want to be suprised by their sting while you're in the middle of a complicated climbing operation.
  • Some small bills for the locals that charge money for using their ladder.

Useful information

  • We stayed in Zhaoshi Shanju Farm House (47 Jiushuikeng, Xhizazi Village, Yanqi Town) which we booked through Ctrip, a popular Chinese booking site. Lodging should be cheaper if booked via that website. We paid 38 usd for a private room, but in hindsight I believe it would've been cheaper if we had just showed up and negotiated about the price...
  • At certain places, the wall is too destroyed for climbing. Look for ribbons hanging in the trees next to the wall that point out an easier side-track.
  • The hike from where we got on the Wall near Xhizazu to Mutianyu took us 9 hours. But you could probably do it quicker, as when we knew we were approaching the end we've often had long breaks to chat with our new Chinese friends.
  • The Great Wall is huge and there are many places from where you can access the wall. Daniele, for example, describes her experience hiking the wall in Zhejiang, the souterhmost part of the wall.

Tower in orange hue Great Wall of China

How to get there

  • Take bus 916 from Beijing to Huairou. A ticket costs 12 CNY.
  • From Huairyou, take the bus that goes twice a day, or get a cab to Xhizazi. After negotiation, you should be able to get there for 120 CNY.
  • Our Guesthouse in Xhizazu was the Zhaoshi Shanju Farm House for 35 USD for two. We'd been told it would be crowded in Summer, so we booked beforehand on the website, but now I would say that was not really necessary and prices are probably lower if not booked online.
  • To get back from Mutianyu, you can take a cab back to Huairou. There's some cabs at the exit of the wall, but they charge way too much. Walk further down for about 20 minutes, towards the Visitor Center Exhibition, and you'll find cabs with normal fares. We paid 60 CNY in total for the ride to Huairou.
  • From Huairou, take bus 916 again and stay on it until its terminal.
  • You can buy your bus ticket on the bus, but make sure you have the exact amount of money on you. Upon boarding, you put your money in a transparant box at the entrance. The driver doesn't take any money, so he won't give you change.
  • Bring the names of your destinations written in Chinese. It will make it much easier to ask around when you're not sure how to get there.
  • Bring pencil and paper. When you're negotiating with the driver, he can write down his price and you can negotiate on paper until you find a number that you both agree on.
  • You could also join a tour to visit and camp on the wall as a fellow blogger did on her Dragon Trip Tour.

Great Wall of China - Jiankou Trying not to look exhausted Mutianyu The wall as seen from a tower A very useful ladder...


Do you have questions? Did you experience something similar? Did you notice a mistake? Please share!

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